Copy of Junior Geography Syllabus



Account
Account for: state reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions
Analyse
Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications
Apply
Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation
Appreciate
Make a judgement about the value of
Assess
Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size
Calculate
Ascertain/ determine from given facts, figures or information
Clarify
Make clear or plain
Classify
Arrange or include in classes/ categories
Compare
Show how things are similar or different
Construct
Make; build; put together item or arguments
Contrast
Show how things are different or opposite
Critically
(analysis/
evaluation)
Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analysis/evaluation)
Deduce
Draw conclusions
Define
State meaning and identify essential qualities
Demonstrate
Show by example
Describe
Provide characteristics and features
Discuss
Identify issues and provide points for and/ or against
Distinguish
Recognise or note/ indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between
Evaluate
Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of
Examine
Inquire into
Explain
Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why and/or how
Extract
choose relevant and/ or appropriate details
Extrapolate
Infer from what is known
Identify
Recognise and name
Interpret
Draw meaning from
Investigate
Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about
Justify
Support an argument or conclusion
Outline
Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of
Predict
Suggest what may happen based on available information
Propose
Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for consideration or action
Recall
Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences
Recommend
Provide reasons in favour
Recount
Retell a series of events
Summarise
Express, concisely, the relevant details
Synthesise
Putting together various elements to make a whole

·The Australian continent
Australia’s geographical dimensions:
relative size and shape
latitude and longitude
Compare Australia’s size and shape with other continents and countries
the origins of the continent
Aboriginal perspective geographical perspective
Explain the origins of the continent from an Aboriginal and geographical perspective

Physical characteristics that make Australia unique
major landforms and drainage basins
Identify and represent Australia’s major physical features and patterns on a variety of maps
patterns of: climate,weather, natural resources, vegetation
Describe Australia’s major physical features and patterns
Explain the interrelationships that exist in the physical environment of Australia

unique flora and fauna
explain adaptations of flora and fauna to the Australian environment
natural hazards in Australia including: bushfires droughts earthquakes floods storms tropical cyclones
Describe the range of natural hazards in Australia and their consequences
At least ONE natural hazard from the list above:
the nature of the natural hazard in Australia
describe the geographical processes associated with the natural hazard
the geographical processes involved

· the impacts of the natural hazard:– economic – environmental social
describe the economic, environmental and social impacts of the natural hazard in Australia
the responsibility and responses of individuals, groups and various levels of government to the impact of the natural hazard
investigate responses of individuals, community-based groups and different levels of government to the hazard


Changing Australian Communities: Human characteristics that make Australia unique

· demographic characteristics: age structure distribution ethnic composition gender growth rates
population size
Describe past and current population patterns in Australia
Describe trends in Australia’s demographic characteristics, incorporating the use of graphs and statistics
Explain how Australia’s changing demographic characteristics are influencing the nature and identity of Australian society

Types of communities
types of communities in Australia including indigenous communities
differences within and between Australian communities
Identify a range of Australian communities based on shared space and/or social organisation